The private Version of the brand new Specialist Questionnaire (PST-Q) was developed from the Fernandez-Alvarez mais aussi al

(2003), and was designed to assess “new gang of functions that each counselor enforce in any psychotherapeutic condition, ergo shaping an element of the popular features of new therapeutic work” (p. 117). The brand new questionnaire assesses five some other proportions: flexibility-tightness (Educational subscale), distance-intimacy (Expressive subscale), cheaper involvement-better involvement (Wedding subscale), wider concentrated-narrow concentrated (Attentional subscale) and impulsive-planned (Surgical subscale). This might be good 36-items care about-statement level done because of the therapists with solutions rated on the a good level between step 1 (full argument)in order to eight (overall contract). The latest measure indicates a test-retest reliability regarding .79, having Chronbach’s reliability coefficients for each and every subscale, below; informative, .69; expressive, .75; wedding, .78; attentional, .80; operative, .78. Foundation Investigation shown a great KMO = .756 (Pick Desk step 1 to have alphas in the modern study).

Working Alliance Index-Short Mode (WAI-S)

The working Alliance List (WAI), created by Horvath Greenberg (1986), try an excellent thirty six items questionnaire that may be given to help you each other customers and you will practitioners which can be rated towards the a great 7-section Likert kind of size from1 (never)to help you seven (always). Tracey and you can Kokotovic (1989) recommended a consumer and counselor Doing work Alliance Directory-Quick Form (WAI-S), which has four things for each and every subscale (Task, Goal, and you will Thread) and overall WAI-S ratings, showing high reliability which have alpha levels just like, and also much better than brand new WAI into the specialist subscales and overall mediocre ratings (Activity, leader = .83; Bond, alpha = .91; Mission, leader = .88; and Standard Alliance, alpha = .95). Come across Dining table step 1 to own alphas in today’s research.

Process Listing (TL)

The strategy Checklist scale are modified away from Hollis (1995), exactly who catalogued a thorough a number of guidance and you may psychotherapy process representing a general spectral range of philosophical basics. So you can hone it comprehensive checklist predicated on process put specifically by the intellectual behavioral and you can constructivist medication orientations, we recruited counseling psychology scholar youngsters to read the desee opiniones citas complete set of 108 procedures process and you can price the brand new extent that for each technique is used by per healing strategy (intellectual behavioral and you can constructivist), using a beneficial 5-point Likert form of scale from 1 (Never otherwise Rarely) in order to 5 (Constantly otherwise Almost always).


Sixteen counseling psychology graduate students participated in these ratings (six men, 10 women), with the Mage = (SD = 2.67). Results of a paired differences analysis for all 108 items indicated that there were 77 techniques rated as being used with significantly differential frequency by cognitive behavioral and constructivist therapies. We then divided this distribution of 77 techniques into quartiles and retained the top and bottom quartiles. This resulted in 20 cognitive behavioral techniques (e.g.advice giving, rational restructuring) and 20 constructivist techniques (e.g. emotional processing, reflection) that were rated most significantly different (cognitive behavioral vs. constructivist). This final list of 40 items of therapy techniques (20 cognitive behavioral techniques; 20 constructivist techniques) was used in the current study.

This type of forty factors were indexed alphabetically and you can participants were asked so you can rates the brand new the amount that they use for each and every method inside their habit of treatment along a beneficial 5-section measure from one (Never ever or Almost never)to 5 (Usually otherwise Typically). The recommendations of one’s 20 rationalist situations was basically summed and you will an excellent mean try determined so you’re able to mirror an average frequency of employing rationalist interventions (you’ll be able to assortment = 1-5), plus the same processes was used when considering brand new 20 constructivist treatments.

Brand new brutal data was applied to make a confirmatory basis study on the Processes Checklist size. The current research is checked-out to own multiple-variate normalcy and the presumptions was basically met. Every kurtosis quotes on variables fell between step 1 and you may –step one variables except constructivist products a dozen, 13, 16, and you can 20 and cognitive behavioural goods 3, which in fact had an excellent kurtosis opinions anywhere between dos and you will –2. Thus, these types of four issues was removed from the new level just before powering the fresh confirmatory grounds research.