Given that i recommended recipients to submit the e-mail on to anybody else, it’s an enthusiastic approximation


Extremely participants was in fact professional psychologists hired online by way of subscription in almost any elite group groups, the fresh new American Mental Association (APA)-Habit Organization online practitioner index ( around 15,057 users).

Also many APA-recognized counseling locations, fellow member solicitation age-mails have been and provided for APA Division 17 (Counseling Psychology, 355 players); APA Section 31 (Psychotherapy, up to 224 people); APA Division thirty two (Humanistic Therapy, around 130 people); The brand new Us Individual Build Network (NAPCN) number suffice (approximately 95 members); new Albert Ellis Institute e-mail list (whenever 57 players). The newest solicitation e-send along with advised professionals to help you send the fresh age-post questionnaire on to other eligible practitioners; in addition to reaction price of around 13.5% needs to be believed which have bookings (just as much as fifteen,918 studies was solicited and 2,149 came back).

Therapist involvement is voluntary, it got therapists up to half an hour doing the various tools, while the analysis try held in accordance with APA moral guidelines.


The sample consisted of 1151 therapists (733 women, 418 men) with a Mage of (SD = ). The sample was prierican, 88.8% (N =1030), followed by Multiracial, 2.9% (N = 34), Hispanic, 2.7% (N = 31), African American, 2.4% (N = 28), Asian American, 2.1% (N = 24), and Other, 1.1% (N = 13).

Professionals was asked to suggest the level of their high knowledge stored, which contained Ph.D., sixty.1% (N = 700); followed closely by Meters.A beneficial./Meters.S., 18.6% (Letter = 216); Psy.D., eleven.0% (N = 128); B.An excellent./B.S., 4.3% (Letter = 50); Ed.D., step 1.7% (Letter = 20); Yards.S.W., step 1.4% (Letter = 16); or other, dos.9% (Letter = 34). While doing so, the typical season members obtained the high studies are (SD =eleven.1), also the average final number regarding ages invested in systematic routine being (SD = ). Many professionals was no longer in school, 93.5% (Letter = 1105); 6.5% (N = 77) was scholar college students.

As well, players was questioned their principal theoretical positioning and more than users conveyed you to definitely its dominating theoretic direction try intellectual behavioural, 35.9% (N = 414); with integrative, 18.1% (N = 209); psychodynamic, 15.2% (N = 175); social, 7.6% (N = 88); humanistic, 7.2% (Letter = 83); constructivist, 3.2% (Letter = 37); existential, dos.2% (Letter = 25); rational-emotive, 1.7% (Letter = 20); gestalt, 0.7% (N = 8); or other, 8.2% (N = 95).


Members from the the latter groups had been sent an on-line survey with an educated agree function, a brief class recommendations layer, together with five tips: Specialist attitudes questionnaire-brief means (TAQ-SF); Constructivist presumptions scale (CAS); Individual particular the brand new counselor questionnaire (PST-Q); Performing alliance inventory-short form (WAI-S); plus the Process listing (TL). Players was in fact debriefed at the conclusion of the research and were provided with the fresh contact information for further inquiries.

Counselor Thinking Questionnaire-Quick Form (TAQ-SF)

The newest TAQ-SF, created by Neimeyer and you can Morton (1997), is actually a modify of Counselor Attitudes Survey (TAQ) developed by DisGiuseppe and you may Linscott (1993). The fresh new TAQ-SF procedures philosophical, theoretical, and you can technical size of rationalist and you may constructivist therapy. This new means consists of 16 things rated towards a good 5-area Likert size anywhere between step 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (highly consent), and needs whenever five minutes to do. The new TAQ-SF replicates the essential factor framework of your own new TAQ and has revealed the predictive authenticity because of the predicting the healing identifications and descriptions regarding a team of doing experts (Neimeyer Morton, 1997). TAQ-SF results in the current study yielded an excellent Chronbach’s alpha away from .72 to have rationalist measure and you may a good Chronbach’s leader of .63 to the constructivist size (find Desk step 1).

Constructivist Assumptions Scale (CAS)

The latest Constructivist Assumptions Measure (CAS) was created by Berzonsky (1994), and you can was created to assess constructivist epistemological assumptions. That is good 12-product self-statement size with each goods being rated on an effective 5-part Likert scale between 1 (firmly differ) to help you 5 (highly agree). This new Cas de figure possess internal reliability projected becoming .61, and you may a 2-few days attempt-retest reliability (N = 78) out of .68. Cas de figure ratings in the modern data produced a beneficial Chronbach’s alpha out of .72 (find Desk 1).